Kollam is one of the 14 Districts in the state of Kerala, an old seaport town on the Arabian Coast, is flanked by the Lakshadweep Sea on the West and the South and the Ashtamudi Lake on the North. The District is named after this Headquarters Town. The word ‘Quilon’ is an anglicised form of the Malayalam word ‘Kollam’. After February 1990, the names of the District and its Headquarters Town had been changed to the Malayalam version ‘Kollam’
It is situated on the South-West coast of India between North latitudes 9o 10′ and 8o 45′ and East longitudes 76o 25′ and 77o 15′. The District is bounded on the North by Mavelikkara and Karthikappally Taluks of Alappuzha District and on the North-East by Adoor and Kozhenchery Taluks of Pathanamthitta District, on the East by Thirunelveli District of Tamil Nadu, on the South by Nedumangad and Chirayinkeezhu Taluks of Thiruvananthapuram District and on the West by the Lakshadweep Sea. Kollam district has 68 Gram Panchayat, 1 co-operation 4 municipalities, 11 block panchayat and 1 district panchayath. The total population of Kollam is 26,35375.